социология языка, sociology of language, системно-функциональная лингвистика, systemic functional linguistics, социология управления, sociology of management, дискурс-анализ, CDA, теория кодов легитимации, LCT, Vygotsky, социально-культурная теория Выготского, социальная теория управляемости, social theory of manageability

Professional and expert communities as subjects of management in the context of the knowledge society and deprofessionalization

Ru b t c o v a M. V., M a r t y a n o v D. S., M a r t y a n o v a N. A. Professional and expert communities as
subjects of management in the context of the knowledge society and deprofessionalization // Vestnik St.
Petersburg University. Ser. 12. 2013. Issue 1. P. 69–74.
Rubtsova Мaria V. — Doctor of Sociological Sciences, Associate Professor, Sain Petersburg State University, Russian
Federation; e-mail: abc33@yandex.ru
Martyanov Denis S. — Candidate of Political Sciences, Associate Professor, Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia
(St. Petersburg), Russian Federation; e-mail: martyanoff @mail.ru
Martyanova Natalia A. — Candidate of Sociological Sciences, Associate Professor, Herzen State Pedagogical University of
Russia (St. Petersburg), Russian Federation; e-mail: nmart@bk.ru
Th e article is devoted to the phenomenon of professional communities as subjects of management of professional
knowledge in the context of deprofessionalization, expertocracy and knowledge society. Th e functions
of communities are considered within the frame of classical sociology, the expert functions of professional
communities are revealed. Special attention is paid to the transformation of the status and functions of
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the communities on the example of the medical professions. It presents a sociological analysis of the notion
“deprofessionalization” in terms of the crisis of the profession as a social institution on the example of the crisis
of a scientifi c community. Th e “expertocracy” phenomenon, relation between the concepts “professional”
and “expert” are considered. In addition, it focuses on transformation of professional communities into expert
ones as a factor of a crisis of professions. It states the necessity to ensure institutional examination of these
subjects of management.
Keywords: professional communities, deprofessionalization, expertocracy, a professional, an expert.
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