The main difference between a term and an open repo is between the sale and repurchase of the securities. Mr. Robinhood. “What are the near and far legs in a buyout contract?” Access on August 14, 2020. When the Federal Reserve`s open market committee intervenes in open market transactions, pension transactions add reserves to the banking system and withdraw them after a specified period; Rest first reverses the flow reserves, then add them again. This instrument can also be used to stabilize interest rates and the Federal Reserve has used it to adjust the policy rate to the target rate.  There are mechanisms built into the flexibility for buyback agreements to reduce this risk. For example, many depots are over-secure. In many cases, a margin call may take effect to ask the borrower to change the securities offered when the security loses value. In situations where the value of the guarantee is likely to increase and the creditor cannot resell it to the borrower, subsecured protection can be used to reduce risk. In general, the credit risk associated with pension transactions depends on many factors, including the terms of the transaction, the liquidity of the security, the characteristics of the counterparties concerned and much more. Pension transactions are generally considered to be a reduction in credit risk. The biggest risk in a repo is that the seller does not maintain his contract by not repuring the securities he sold on the due date.
In these cases, the purchaser of the guarantee can then liquidate the guarantee in an attempt to recover the money he originally paid. However, the reason this is an inherent risk is that the value of the warranty may have decreased since the first sale and therefore cannot leave the buyer with any choice but to maintain the security he never wanted to maintain in the long term, or to sell it for a loss. On the other hand, this transaction also poses a risk to the borrower; If the value of the guarantee increases beyond the agreed terms, the creditor cannot resell the guarantee. The same principle applies to rest. The longer the life of the pension, the more likely it is that the value of the security will fluctuate prior to the buyback and that economic activity will affect the supplier`s ability to execute the contract. In fact, counterparty credit risk is the main risk associated with rest. As with any loan, the creditor bears the risk that the debtor will not be able to repay the investor. Rest acts as a guaranteed debt, which reduces overall risk. And because the price of the pension exceeds the value of the guarantees, these agreements remain mutually beneficial to buyers and sellers. There are a number of differences between the two structures. A repo is technically a single transaction, while a sale/buyout is a pair of transactions (a sale and a purchase). The sale/purchase does not require specific legal documents, whereas a repo usually requires a master`s agreement between the buyer and the seller (usually the Global Master Repo Agreement (GMRA) mandated by SIFMA/ICMA).